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Judicial Branch

The United States Virgin Islands Judicial System was established in Section 21 of the Revised Organic Act of 1954:

(a) The judicial power of the Virgin Islands shall be vested in a court of record designated the “District Court of the Virgin Islands” established by Congress, and in such appellate court and lower local courts as may have been or may hereafter be established by local law.

(b) The legislature of the Virgin Islands may vest in the courts of the Virgin Islands established by local law jurisdiction over all causes in the Virgin Islands over which any court established by the Constitution and laws of the United States does not have exclusive jurisdiction. Such jurisdiction shall be subject to the concurrent jurisdiction conferred on the District Court of the Virgin Islands by section 22(a) and (c) of this Act.

(c) The rules governing the practice and procedure of the courts established by local law and those prescribing the qualifications and duties of the judges and officers thereof, oaths and bonds, and the times and places of holding court shall be governed by local law or the rules promulgated by those courts.

Supreme Court of the United States Virgin Islands

The Supreme Court of the Virgin Islands is the appellate court of the Virgin Islands that hears appeals decided by the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands.  On October 29, 2004, Act No. 6687 established a Supreme Court of the Virgin Islands and officially changed the name of the Territorial Court of the Virgin Islands to the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands. The Court assumed its appellate jurisdiction on January 29, 2007. The court presently consists of a chief justice and two associate justices.

Learn more at the Virgin Islands Supreme Court Web Site

Superior Court of the United States Virgin Islands

The Superior Court has broad jurisdiction in addressing the legal needs of the Virgin Islands community. The Court hears all local trial matters including civil, criminal, family, probate, landlord-tenant, small claims and traffic. It also acts as a court of appeals for decisions of all governmental officers and agencies. 

Learn more at the Virgin Islands Superior Court Web Site

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